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PFRDA looking at ways for minors to open an account under NPS

PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority) is looking at ways for the minors to be able to open an account under the National Pension Scheme (NPS). The authority will also scrutinize the legal procedures and examine the legal aspects which are associated with the matter.


On the matter, Hemant Contractor, Chairman of PFRDA said

We are looking at the possibility of allowing minors to join NPS because in some countries it is allowed. So we are looking at that issue.

He also added that there are legal procedures involved for allowing minors to open such an account is concerned and the PFRDA is looking at ways to sort it out.

There are legal issues like a minor’s capacity to enter a contract. Under the law, minors cannot enter into a contract. Another issue is whether they can discharge their responsibility under the contract. So we are trying to find out how to get around those issues.

When asked about the time – span needed to have some light on the matter he said, PFRDA will forward this matter to the finance ministry once the internal discussion is done.

Further, he said 

We are looking at it very closely at it very closely, maybe in 2 – 3 weeks something concrete may come up.

National Pension Scheme or NPS is a contribution pension scheme which is administered and regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) which is a body created by an act of Parliament. This scheme offers a large variety of investment options to its employees. And the main objective of the scheme is to lower the liabilities of the Government of India with regards to total pension as well as to ensure that the country’s citizens would earn a stable income following their retirement along with helping them earn decent returns on their investments.

And NPS is designed for the government as well as the private sector employee. And on the other hand, APY (Atal Pension Yojana) mainly caters to those belongs to the unorganized sector.

According to the sources, the complete subscriber base of the pension regulator was 1.81 crore as on 31st October this year. And there were 1.54 crore subscribers at the end of the fiscal ended March 2017.

National Pension Scheme (NPS)

Planning for your retirement is one of the most important things to do in these days and for this purpose investing your savings in the National Pension Scheme is the best option to choose from. The National Pension Scheme is a retirement benefit plan promoted by the Government of India. It is low-cost, tax-efficient and flexible retirement savings scheme launched by the Government. The scheme provides a lot of benefits and investment options to the employees.

The National Pension Scheme was launched on 1st January 2004. Earlier this scheme was only applicable for the Central Government Employees only but later in the year 2009, it was allowed from the age limit of 18 years to 60 years. Under the NPS, your savings will be invested in a pension fund by Pension Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).

Some Important Links
How To Open NPS Account
NPS Statement/Account Balance
Link NPS Account With Aadhaar Card

The NPS has two types of accounts

  1. Tier-1 Account which is compulsory for every subscriber. In this account, you cannot premature you withdraw money before the age of retirement.
  2. Tier-2 Account, which is optional in nature. You can open a Tier-2 Account if you have opened Tier-1 account first. In this account, you can premature the withdraw money before the age of the retirement.

Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA)

The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority which is otherwise called as the PFRDA is an independent organizing body that is established by the Indian Government to regulate and oversee the pension funds in India.

The main objective of this regulatory body is to encourage the citizens to secure themselves financially by securing the subscriber’s pension funds as well as their interests. It also ensures that the NPS is administered as per the rules and the provisions that are laid down in PFRDA Act.

Eligibility Criteria for National Pension Scheme

The eligibility criteria for the National Pension Scheme is:

  • All the citizens must have an Indian Nationality.
  • They should be under the age criteria of 18-60 years.
  • The Non- Indian Residents can also join if they have their bank accounts in India.

A person who is declared insolvent and has an unsound mind is not eligible for the National Pension Scheme.

When you subscribe to the New Pension Scheme, you are given a unique account number which is called as PRAN which s otherwise called as the Permanent Retirement Account Number.

Interests Rates Offered by the National Pension Scheme

The NPS does not provide any particular interest rate. However, the NPS schemes can earn a subscriber anywhere between 12%-14% interest which is quite high, while taking any investment options into consideration.

Features of National Pension Scheme

The various features of National Pension Scheme

  • Since it is a low investment option, it, therefore, offers a transparency to the subscriber. The subscribers can freely choose their own pension fund schemes, where they can have an idea of how the investment is doing on a routine basis.
  • The process is very simple, as the account is opened at the respective Nodal Office and acquire a PRAN.
  • As the employees are provided with unique PRAN’s, therefore, they are recognized by the same PRAN all over the country, no matter they stay in which part of India.
  • The subscribers can access to the details pertaining to the NPS Online.
  • The NPS offers a wide variety of options to choose from, which includes Pension Fund Managers.
  • They also provide the flexibility to switch between the fund managers and investment options.
  • The subscriber is free to change the contribution amount and contribution frequency at any point in time.
  • It is a low-cost investment option with low management fund charges.

Advantages of the NPS Scheme

  • The NPS offers a wide range of investment options and choice of Pension Fund Managers. This will lead to the growth of the investments and the individuals have the choice to switch over to any investment option they want.
  • The NPS provides effortless portability across the jobs and locations.
  • It provides Dual Benefit of low cost and power compounding. The account maintenance cost is inexpensive compared to the other pension products available in India.
  • It is a safe retirement fund introduced by the Government of India and regulated by PFRDA.
  • Tax Benefits under the NPS Scheme:
  • Section 80C Deduction: Your Contribution is eligible for the deduction under the Section 80C up to a maximum limit of Rs 1.5 Lakh.
  • Additional Rs 50, 000 benefit under Section 80CCD (1B): There is an additional deduction of Rs 50, 000 available for the financial year 2015-16 under the Section 80CCD (1B). This means that you can claim up to Rs 1.5 Lakhs and an additional benefit of Rs 50, 000.

Charges Levied by POPs and CRAs

  • In case of the Tier-I accounts, the employer has to pay all the fees and charges and in case of the Tier-II accounts, the subscriber has to pay for all the transactional and activational charges.
  • The CRA (Centralized Record Keeping Agency) levies the following fees and charges:
  • PRA account opening charges are Rs 50.
  • PRA account maintenance charges are Rs 190 per year. The transaction fees are Rs 4 per transaction.
  • The POP levies the following fees and charges:
  • The registration fees cost Rs 100. 0.25% of the initial amount is contributed by the subscriber for the contribution upload as well as any transactions related to the contribution uploads.
  • If any transaction is made where the contribution is not made by the subscriber- Rs20.
  • These fees are chargeable from the date of joining.

Procedure to Check Balance in National Pension Scheme Statement Online

Following are the step by step procedure to check balance in Tier-I and Tier-II accounts in the National Pension Scheme Statement Online:

  • Firstly, open the main website of the CRA and NSDL, via the following link: http://cra-nsdl.com/CRA/
  • Log in as the subscriber to access the balance details under the NPS.
  • Now login using your User ID and password which is the PRAN number allocated by the NSDL to each individual subscriber.
  • Following the login procedure, go to the “Views” tab shown under that particular transaction statement.
  • This will provide all the details regarding where the money is invested as well as the fund managers appointed to manage his investments.
  • The subscribers can also check the aggregate amount that has been invested by both himself as well as the Government, including any returns.
  • Tier-II balance details can be accessed by heading to the “Account details” section which is shown at the bottom.

Rules Regarding the Withdrawals from the National Pension Scheme

Withdrawal from the NPS is allowed by the PFRDA only under the following conditions:

  • If 40% of the accumulated pension of the subscriber is used for the purchase of the annuities, then the remaining accumulated pension is given to the subscriber in the form of the lump sum.
  • In case of the death event of the subscriber, the total pension that the subscriber has accumulated will be given to the nominee.
  • If a minimum of 40% of the accumulated pension of the subscriber is used for the purchase of the annuities then the remaining amount will be given to the subscriber in the form of the lump sum.

The main rules regarding the withdrawals from both Tier-I and Tier-II Accounts are:

Withdrawal from Tier-I Accounts

If the subscriber should complete the service within 15 years, then he/she is eligible to make withdrawals before maturity. If the subscriber completes the service of 25 years, then he/she can make withdrawals up to 50% of his/her contribution. These withdrawals are made in emergency cases only.

Withdrawal from Tier-II Accounts

There are no restrictions regarding the withdrawals on the Tier-II accounts. The subscribers are free to make withdrawals whenever and wherever they want to.

Premature Withdrawal from NPS for both Tier-I and Tier-II Accounts

There are a number of rules and regulations regarding the premature withdrawal from NPS for both Tier-I and Tier-II accounts are concerned:

  • The subscriber is allowed to make partial withdrawal about a maximum of 25% of the contribution.
  • Only three premature withdrawals are allowed per subscriber.
  • To be eligible for the premature withdrawals, the subscriber must have made a contribution towards NPS for at least 10 years.
  • In an emergency case, such as sickness or any health related issues premature withdrawals are allowed for the treatment expense.
  • The premature withdrawals can also be applicable for the education and marital expenses.
  • If the subscriber is buying a new house for the first time, then he/she can use the premature withdrawals.

Procedure and Documentation required to make Withdrawals from the NPS

If a subscriber wants to stop making the contributions to the NPS, then he/she has filled in the withdrawal application form and submit to his or her respective Point of Presence.

Following are the documents that are required to make withdrawals from the NPS:

  • Original PAN Card
  • Identity Proof such as Passport, PAN Card, Driver’s License etc.
  • Address Proof such as Passport, Voter ID, Aadhaar Card etc.
  • Bank certificates or the cancelled cheque that contain the name of the subscriber as well as his bank account number with the IFSC Code(check IFSC code here).

All the documents are authenticated and the Point of Presence (POP) will send them to the CRA and NSDL. The CRA ensures that the claim is registered and all the documents and forms are submitted.

Later the CRA will ensure that the application is processed and the account is settled.

National Pension Scheme Withdrawal Form Types

The National Pension Scheme Withdrawal Forms are categorized into three types:

  • Employees of the Government
  • Subscribers belonging to the Government
  • Swavalamban or unorganized sector subscribers

Withdrawal Forms for the Government Employees

Form 101GS: The Government employees can avail this form to withdraw the accumulated pension following their retirement.

Form 102 GP: The Government service employees can avail this form to withdraw their accumulated pension before their time of retirement.

Form 103 GD: The Nominee or any legal heir of an employee with the Government who is the part of the NPS can avail this form in order to claim the pension that is accumulated in the account of the subscriber.

Withdrawal Forms for the Corporate Subscribers

Form 301: The corporate employees, as well as the individuals who opt for the withdrawal of their total accumulated pension following retirement, can use this form.

Form 302: The corporate employees, as well as the other individuals and the citizens, can opt for the withdrawal of the accumulated pension before the retirement can use this form.

Form 303: The Nominees or any legal heir of a corporate employee can avail this form to claim this accumulated pension of the subscriber.

Withdrawal Forms for the Swavalamban Subscribers

Form 501: If the subscriber is a part of the Swavalamban, then he/she can use this form to make the withdrawals of their total accumulated pension following their retirement.

Form 502: If any subscriber is a part of the Swavalamban then, he/she can use this form to make withdrawals of the total accumulated pension after the retirement.

Form 503: If any Nominee of the person who is the part of the Swavalamban can use this form to claim the accumulated pension of the subscriber.

Death Benefits Provided Under the National Pension Scheme

According to the guidelines of the National Pension Scheme, the nominee of the subscriber is allowed to withdraw, as a lump sum, if the total amount that is accumulated in the account of the subscriber in case of the death event of the subscriber.

The following documents are required as the Nominee, to make the withdrawal from the subscriber’s account.

  • The relevant form that is related to the withdrawal of the amount.
  • The PRAN Card in original
  • A cancelled cheque showing the relevant details of the Nominee like the bank accounts with IFSC Codes
  • The Subscriber’s death certificate.
  • Any document or the certificate that proves the claiming the amount is the legal nominee or heir of the subscriber.
  • The ID as well as the Proof of Address of the Nominee.

NPS Scheme has one additional account which is called as the Swavalamban Account.

Swavalamban Account: In this account, the Indian Government deposits a sum of Rs 1000 every year over the initial four years. The aim of introducing this account is to provide an encouragement for the workers and the low-income groups.

Swavalamban Pension Yojana or NPS-Lite

The main objective of this Yojana is to help the people who are financially and economically backwards. These schemes aim is to secure their future. The NPS-Lite scheme is based on the servicing of the groups as a whole and on low charges. The organizations called as the “Aggregator’s” will take the charge of the people who belong to these particular groups and provide them assistance with the process of registration, transfers, maintenance of the Pension contributions. The subscribers aged between 18-60 years can join and make contributions.

According to the scheme, the Government deposits a fund amount of Rs 1000 to each individual’s NPS account for the initial four years after the opening of the account in the year 2010-11. Currently, the Atal Pension Yojana has replaced this scheme where any subscriber whose age is less than 40 years is eligible to receive a pension amount up to Rs 5000, once he/she attains an age of 60 years.

Features of Swavalamban Pension Yojana or NPS Lite

  • A PRAN card is allotted to every subscriber who comes under this scheme.
  • The contributions are made monthly, of any amount.
  • As per the Guidelines set by the Government, 85% of funds are invested in the debt securities and 15% of the funds are invested in the equity.
  • The fund managers of this scheme are ICICI, Kotak, IDFC, SBI, Reliance, and UTI. The subscriber can choose any one of these.
  • The aggregators will receive the account statements, that is the history of all the transactions that take place and this transaction statement is later distributed to the subscribers in monthly basis.

Comparison between the New Pension Scheme and the National Pension Scheme – Highlights

Features National Pension Scheme New Pension Scheme

Contribution By Employees

The individual has to contribute 10% of his/her total Special Pay, Basic Pay and all other allowances that combine to make up Provident Fund. Includes all the allowances that is mentioned is the National Pension Scheme along with Dearness Allowance.

Contribution by the Bank

The Bank’s contribution will match the contribution of the employee, a separate account is created under the NPS to collect the funds. In new pension scheme, the contribution of both the parties is collected in one account.


Employee’s Additional Contribution

The Contributions made under the National Pension Scheme can be stopped by the employees by sending an advance notification before a month.  

This scheme allows withdrawals and schemes at any point in time.


Management of Funds


This scheme was managed by the Provident Fund Scheme

The PFRDA appoints six fund managers to control and manage the account.

Scope of Regulation


No such body exists at the Nationwide Level

PFRDA is the authorized body for this scheme.

Levy of Charges

No extra fees are charged to the subscribers Some fixed and variable charges are levied under the New Pension Scheme.


How To Open NPS Account | National Pension Scheme | Online

National Pension Scheme (NPS) is the most economical retirement savings scheme launched by the Indian Government. This scheme has been designed to enable systematic savings during the subscriber’s working life.

In 2004, the outline of the National Pension Scheme was sketched keeping the newly employed with Central Government in mind, excluding the armed forces. However, in the year 2009, NPS made available to every Indian citizen between the ages of 18 to 60 years.

Some Important Links
NPS All Information
NPS Statement/Account Balance
Link NPS Account With Aadhaar Card

There are two types of accounts under NPS. Also, one Unique Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN) is allocated to each subscriber under the NPS at the time of their joining.

  1. Tier I Account – Under these account subscribers are not allowed to withdraw their account before attaining the retirement age, as this account is solely meant for savings after the subscriber’s retirement. Also, Government of India mandated employees to invest or direct 10% of their salary into this account.
  2. Tier II Account – Under this account, a subscriber can operate this account as per their convenience. They can make as many withdrawals as possible as it is a regular savings account. However, a subscriber must possess a Tier I account in order to open a Tier II account.

After Government has introduced e – NPS, opening an online NPS account became more seamless, time-saving and easy.

Keep the following things handy to open an individual online NPS account

  • A mobile number, email id and an active bank account with internet banking facility
  • Aadhaar number with a mobile number registered with it
  • Scanned copy of photograph, cancelled cheque and signature
  • Minimum amount of 500 in your bank account or debit card

Read below to open an NPS (National Pension Scheme) account Online

There are two ways to open an NPS account

Opening online NPS account using Aadhaar Card

  • Link your Aadhaar number to your mobile number(here)
  • The NPS KYC (Know Your Customer) will be done through your registered mobile number by sending an OTP (One Time Password) to it for authentication purposes
  • Your data along with your picture will be drawn out from you Aadhaar database and used in the NPS online form.
  • Then fill all the necessary details online
  • For registration purposes, upload your signature in a .jpg or .jpeg format between the sizes of 4 to 12 kb.
  • You can replace your Aadhaar picture by uploading a new one instead
  • You can then simply make the initial contribution to your e – NPS account through Net Banking or Credit / Debit Card.

Opening online NPS account using PAN card

  • In this process, it is important to make your savings account empanelled with NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited)
  • Your bank details should match the details on your online NPS account. In case details, not match, the bank can deny your registration application and you would then have to contact the bank personally.
  • Fill in all the mandatory fields.
  • Upload a scanned picture and signature.
  • You will have to use Internet Banking to make the initial contribution.

NPS account is beneficial to the individuals as it is open to every Indian citizen and is entirely voluntary. It offers subscribers adapted by allowing them to choose where to invest their money in as well as who should manage their investments. Also, after introducing e – NPS, the enrolment process became very simple and convenient for the individuals.

National Pension Scheme | 2018 | Check Statement & Balance via Umang App

The NPS is otherwise called as the National Pension System. This pension scheme is mainly given to those people who do not have the pension facility after the retirement. The NPS gives an opportunity to accumulate a pension fund over a long period of time after retirement. In this scheme, the person’s employer can also contribute funds. The wealth accumulated under the NPS depends upon the contribution made and the income generated from the investment. To encourage the National Pension System, the Government has extended many income tax benefits for contributing.

How to link Aadhaar with NPS Account…Read Here

Some Important Links
NPS All Information
How To Open NPS Account
Link NPS Account With Aadhaar Card

The NPS consists of two types of accounts:

  1. Tier I
  2. Tier II

The Tier I account is non-withdrawable until the age of 60 years or retirement except in specific situations whereas, the Tier II account is a voluntary savings account. The Subscribers to Tier II account to withdraw money anytime they want.

The NPS provides both online and app facilities for checking out balance and transaction statement.

To check the balance and transaction statement you need to login to your NPS account through the CRA Website (www.cra-nsdl.com) and enter the User ID and Password. After Logging in, select the Transaction Statement option and then the Holding Statement. This provides you the complete details of your accumulated balance in the NPS Fund. Click on the transaction statement to see the complete details of your transactions including the contributions.

Checking NPS Balance and Statement through App

The NPS Services can be availed in the UMANG App. The UMANG App is an initiative taken by the Government to offer various E-Gov Services under a single platform. This app is developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology (MeiTY) and National e-Governance Division. You can avail both EPFO and NPS Services from the UMANG Platform.

Umang App for NPS
Umang App for NPS

The NPS also provides other services such as checking of current holding, transaction statements and recent contributions, other than that you can also change the investment scheme and change the address as well.

Not only this, the NPS also offers you the flexibility to customize your own portfolio based on your choice and risk appetite.

There are two investment options under the NPS Scheme: “Auto Choice” and “Active Choice”.

Under the “Auto-Choice” option the fund is invested as per the Life Cycle Fund Matrix designed by the experts. It also has different options: “Aggressive Life Cycle Fund”, “Moderate Life Cycle Fund” and “Conservative Life Cycle Fund”.

Whereas, the “Active-Choice” offers the investor an option to put his money in the pension fund so as to work in the different asset classes: equity, corporate/government debt, and an alternative investment fund (A). Putting an Investment in any asset class is optional.

The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is Government sponsored Pension Scheme which is opened for all the sections of citizens of the society. The scheme helps the subscribers to earn funds during the time of the retirement and make they’re future safe and secure.

How to link NPS Account with Aadhaar

Government has made possessing an Aadhaar number a must for pension schemes as well. The government of India has instructed all the NPS (National Pension Scheme) scheme holders to link their Aadhaar with their NPS Account.

Aadhaar is a 12 digit unique identification number that is issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). Aadhaar contains demographic and biometric information of a person, hence it is also considered to be a poof of identity as well.

The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) which manages NPS have taken a number of measures to make the linkage process simple and convenient. They have made the whole procedure online and done away with requirement of submission of a physical application form for opening of an NPS account.

Some Important Links
NPS All Information
How To Open NPS Account
NPS Statement/Account Balance

In this article, we will discuss the ways in which one can add their NPS account with their Aadhaar numbers in five simple steps.

How to link Aadhaar with NPS Account

No need to wait in long queues as the subscribers can link their NPS account with their Aadhaar number by just logging into the official NPS website.

Follow the below mentioned steps to link Aadhaar with NPS Account

  1. Visit the official website of NSDL i.e. https://enps.nsdl.com/
  2. Log in to your account.
    NPS Account Login
    NPS Account Login
  3. Click on “Update Details” option and select edit / Add Aadhaar number and enter your Aadhaar number.
    NPS Aadhaar linking
    NPS Aadhaar linking
  4. Receive OTP (One Time Password) on your mobile number. You will receive OTP on your mobile number which you have registered with UIDAI).
  5. After this, you can see your PRAN (Permanent Retirement Account Number) that is linked with your Aadhaar. PRAN is a unique number provided by NPS for all the subscribers which will remain the same for the rest of your life.

In case you are opening the PRAN account for the first time, you can follow the below mentioned steps:

  1. Visit the official website of NSDL i.e. https://enps.nsdl.com.
    NPS Account Registration
    NPS Account Registration
  2. Enter your Aadhaar details.
    NPS Aadhaar linking
    NPS Aadhaar linking
  3. You can change your Aadhaar picture if you choose to.
  4. Upload your signature.
  5. Pay a minimum of Rs. 500 in order to open an NPS account. You can complete the payment through debit cards, credit cards, or net banking.
  6. Once your payment is successfully done, your PRAN account will be generated which is linked to your Aadhaar.

Also, make sure to take the printout of the form. You are also required to sign this printout and attach a photograph and send it to the CRA (Central Record Keeping Agency) within 6 months from the date of PRAN account is generated; else your PRAN will get deactivated temporarily.

Note: Make sure to mention the same name on your Aadhaar card where you have mentioned in PFRDA. In case of correction required in PRAN card, then the NPS subscriber has to submit a self – attested PRAN card copy and a self – attested Aadhaar card copy.

Various Facilities Provide By The UIDAI Official Website
Check UIDAI Official Website Services Click Here
Check Aadhaar Card Status By Name Click Here
Update Aadhaar Card On SSUP Click Here
Aadhaar Card Correction Online Click Here
Change Aadhaar Card Address Without Mobile Number Click Here
Download Aadhaar Card By Enrolment ID  Click Here 
Download Aadhaar Card By Aadhaar Number Click Here
Download Aadhaar Card By Name & Date Of Birth Click Here
Link Aadhaar Card With PAN Card Click Here
Link Aadhaar Card With Bank Account Click Here
Link Aadhaar Card To Mobile Number via OTP Click Here

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