Home » Government Documents » All About Non-ECR and ECR Indian Passports | Passport Seva Kendra

All About Non-ECR and ECR Indian Passports | Passport Seva Kendra

As per the Emigration Act,1983 certain categories of Indian Passport holders require to obtain “Emigration Clearance” from the office of Protector of Emigrants (POE) for going to certain countries. As per the Emigration Act, “emigration” means the leaving of Indian citizen with the intent of taking up employment in a foreign country. All Ordinary Indian Passports are divided into two categories:

  1. Emigration Check Required – ECR Passport
  2. Non-Emigration Check Required – Non-ECR Passport
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ECR Passport

Emigration Check Required

ECR refers to Emigration Check Required which is meant to protect illiterate workers emigrating to certain countries to protect them from unscrupulous employees. If you are in the ECR category then, ECR status will be printed on your passport. If you are subject to ECR, then you need an emigration clearance from Protector Of Emigrants(POE) to enter any of the following countries for employment:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Bahrain
  3. Brunei
  4. Kuwait
  5. Indonesia
  6. Iraq (Emigration is banned)
  7. Jordan
  8. Lebanon
  9. Libya
  10. Malaysia
  11. Oman
  12. Qatar
  13. Sudan
  14. Syria
  15. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  16. Thailand
  17. The United Arab Emirates
  18. Yemen

Documents Required for an ECR Passport Holder While Travelling

  1. Emigration Clearance Certificate approved by the POE office and Ministry of Overseas Indian Affair
  2. Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana Document

The Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana is a compulsory insurance scheme which was introduced in the year 2003, by the Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. This insurance scheme is compulsory for all the workers who are traveling abroad with the ECR passports that means it is mainly for the overseas worker (excluding the countries where the emigration certificate is not required) for employment purpose. This insurance scheme provides with a maximum sum of INR 10 lakh under the scheme which includes (hospitalization, maternity, attendant and legal expenses etc.  The application amount is quite reasonable and affordable. For a validation of 2 years it is Rs 275/- and for 3 years it is Rs 375/-.

The premium with the benefits are detailed below:

*It also includes one-way economy airfare to India in case of repatriation due to Employer refusing to employ the worker.

Both of the documents are needed to be shown at the airport while traveling.

ECR Application

According to the Emigration Act in 1983, the ECR categories of Indian passport holders are required to obtain “Emigration Clearance” from the office of the Protector of the Emigrants (POE). The idea behind the ECR is to provide safety to the Indian citizens due to the legal conditions of other countries and is based on the various situations and conditions.

  • Workers going abroad for employment need to get an Emigration Stamp before leaving India.
  • A specially printed adhesive stamp will be pasted on the passport of workers going out for employment. Entries necessary for the grant of an emigration clearance will be made in these adhesive stamps.
  • These stamps are signed by the Protector of  Emigrants.
  • Emigration clearance to the individuals shall be granted on the same day on which the application is made.
  • Emigration clearance is granted for those who are semi-skilled workers for a period of 6 months when applying through authorized recruiting agents with a passport containing valid employment visa.
  • If a person concerned is leaving the country for non-employment purposes, he can obtain a suspension of an emigration clearance for a specified country and for a specified period from the Protector of Emigrants.
  • This clearance is temporary and is valid only for one journey.

ECR Suspension

The ECR Suspension is called as the temporary removal of the ECR passport seal and obtaining the Non-ECR status. The ECR suspension is only valid for a certain trip (only one time) to any one of the countries mentioned above. If an ECR passport holder graduates, then he/she can no longer use the ECR passport privilege. He/she has to apply for the non- ECR passport and extend the time period of staying there.

The documents needed to be submitted for ECR suspension are the following:

  1. ECR suspension application form- fill in the ECR Suspension form, make sure that this suspension is only applicable to the visits only.
  2. Application fee of 400/-
  3. Current Passport, original and copy
  4. Photocopy of Visa
  5. Photocopy of your confirmed return travel tickets
  6. For Middle-Eastern countries, submit a sponsorship declaration attested by the Indian Mission/Consulate.
  7. Address proof.

Submit all the required documents and fees at the Regional Passport Office.

Imp Note
A Person whose age is above 50 are automatically eligible for ECNR and do not need to apply for the ECR Suspension.

An ECR suspension is only applicable to those who wish to visit the above-selected country.

The Female applicants who fall below 30 years of age and hold an ECR passport are not allowed for ECR clearance. This action is performed in order to provide protection and security to the women.

Non-Emigration Check Required

The citizens who are not in the working age and those who are not illiterate or are well qualified educationally will fall under the category of ECNR (Emigration check not required). An applicant will be eligible if the applicant satisfies falling in any one of the following categories and provides the documentary proof.

  1. All holders of Diplomatic/Official Passports
  2. All Gazetted Government servants, their spouse and children
  3. Person having an educational qualification above matriculation
  4. Person older than 50 years of age
  5. Children up to age 18 years who are willing to obtain a short validity passport of 5 years will have to submit their documents to prove ECNR category, else ECR stamping will be done.
  6. Income tax payers in their individual category, their spouse, and children.

The following documents can also be submitted:

  • Proof of assessment of income tax and actual payment of income tax for last one year or Income Tax return statement for last year that is stamped by income tax authorities and a copy of PAN card. Applicants submitting NIL income tax return statements are not eligible.
  • A Person holding a 2 years of a diploma from any institute recognized by the National Council for Vocational Training or State Council.
  • Nurses possessing qualifications recognized under the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947
  • All professional degree holders, their spouse, and children. Example MBBS degree, Engineers, Chartered Accountants, Scientists, Advocates etc.
  • All person having stayed in abroad for more than 3 years.
  • Sea-men who are in the possession of Continuous Discharge Certificate or Sea Cadets.
  • Persons holding Permanent Immigration Visa or documents like Green Card, permanent Residence card etc.

If you don’t fall under this category mentioned above, then you will be issued an ECR passport.

Non-ECR Application Procedure

If you previously held an ECR Passport and now satisfies the conditions stated above, you can apply for an ECNR passport.

Steps for Applying for an ECNR category are as follows

  • To apply for a cancellation of ECR stamp in the passport, the applicant is required to fill in a miscellaneous application from EAP-2. This application is to be submitted personally or through a representative (having an authority letter duly signed by the applicant as per the Annexure L or by the registered post.
  • A small inclusive fee of 300/- is paid along with the submission of the application form either in cash or by bank draft in favor of Regional Passport Officer of your city.
  • Valid passport in original
  • Attested two photocopies of the proof that the applicant is entitled as an ECNR, as per mentioned above.
  • Address proof
  • Two photocopies of the first four and last four pages of the Passport.
  • The Government is still trying his best to provide a maximum number of benefits to the ECR and non-ECR categorized people.


  1. I am travelling abroad for my studies i have a BSC graduate degree what should i select while applying for passport ECR or Non ECR.

  2. I’m filling online application form for passport in India. I’m 22 years old and my educational qualification is 10th pass and above. I have recently passed my B.Tech. In which category do I belong: ECR or Non-ECR.

  3. Hi Abhimanyu,
    Thank you so much for following our page. I would like to inform you that there is no issue traveling to US with an ECR Passport because the ECR Passport only comes into concern when you are traveling to the above mentioned ECR Countries (Gulf Countries) being a citizen of India.
    Thank you. Stay connected.

    • My flight is from Bangalore to Doha and then to USA. My husband has a ECR passport. We are going for a holiday. Does he need to possess a ECR certificate during travel?

      • Hello Vineetha,
        Thank you so much for asking your query. I would like to inform you that you can definitely travel on your ECR Passport in the Non-ECR Category. All you have to do is apply for an ECR Suspension. When you will apply for the ECR Suspension, your ECR Passport seal will be removed for a temporary period and you can travel as it is a Non ECR passport.
        You can get the ECR Suspension Form at the Regional Passport Office.
        To know more about the ECR Suspension –

  4. I’m having a ECR category passport and I want to visit Dubai for tourism purpose. Will I have to go through the above mentioned procedures to obtain VISA?

  5. i actually dont have 10th or 12th.. But i completed Degree in Open University. can i Obtain passport in Non ECR Category..?

  6. Hi i am 27 at the age of 25 i issues a passport in 2015 . I am graduate in economic. At the time of applying for passport i gave my education qualification xerox copy. I plan to go to dubai for work purpose so how will i know whether my passport is a ecr or ecnr passport. Is there a way to find out .

    • Hey! Rox
      Thanks for asking the question and yes there is a way to find out that whether you belong to the ECR Category or Non-ECR Category.
      In every Indian Passport, if you belong to the ECR Category/ Non-ECR Category then your Status will be printed on the Indian Passport.Which means that if you belong to the ECR Category then the ECR Status will be printed on the Front Page of your Indian Passport.
      Since you belong to the ECNR Category then nothing will be printed on your Passport

  7. Hi… Is ECNR only 5years or can be used for life long time until renewed? And what is the difference between ECR and ECNR?

  8. Hello…

    Will ECR passport create any difference in travelling to USA on Visiting VISA? Does it involve any additional documentation or will it be mandatory for a ECR Passport holder to produce the return ticket in advance? Kindly advice.

  9. I have ECR Passport and travels to UK for business visa. During this my flight via RIYADH. Is their any issue in riyadh airports

  10. My brother is applying for job in UAE But he has ECR passport. His age is 40. So How can we apply him visa. Do we need to get emigrants clearance before applying employment visa or after he get employment visa then he need to apply , Please advice

  11. Hi guys .. Can anyone assist me.. my mother is travelling to Australia. She is holding a visitor visa. Her passport has emmigration check required . Actually Australia doesn’t ask for ecr clearance but she has to travel via Malaysia. There comes the problem. Malaysian govt ask for ecr clearance. Is it mandatory to get ecr clearance to travel to Australia via Malaysia. Pls rply soon

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