Aadhaar is soon going to be a mandatory official document. The card was launched in the year 28th January 2008. The Aadhaar provides each individual a 12-digit unique identification number which is based on the biometrics and information collected by UIDAI. The information and the 12 digit number is issued to every individual under the Aadhaar Act 2016. The Aadhaar has been enabled to various Government as well as the Non-Government Services, Subsidies, Pensions, Scholarships, Social Benefits, Banking and Insurance Services, Taxation Services, Education, Employment, Healthcare etc. Makes it more essential that the Aadhaar Card of each individual is CIDR accurate and is technically up-to-date. Every Aadhaar Card Holder should keep their Aadhaar card updated.
The main thrust for updating the information comes from the residents and it is therefore important and compulsory to make the process pain less and stress-free. It also checks in the security and sanctity of the Indian resident’s personal information. UIDAI’s update policy aims to achieve this balance.
The Policy Objectives
Following are some of the objectives of the Policies that the Aadhaar has updated
- The Systems and the processes that are used in the Update Policy must be well maintained for the residents as well as the Aadhaar eco-system partners which include the Registrars and the people under the Enrollment Department and Update Agencies.
- There must a well defined time period to maintain the update processes and they should be properly defined and detailed.
- The residents must have a broader network for the assessment and access to update the information related to the Aadhaar enrollment processes since ease and convenience of updating data must be adopted along with providing a safe and secure authenticity to the resident data.
Below, are some of the related Aadhaar Updates which has boosted the Indian Government System and is moving rapidly to innovate India into a Digital India.
Need For The Demographic Data Update
The residents may need to update any data fields captured by the UIDAI during the resident enrollment or during the prior appointment.
For a demographic data update, the needs could arise from
- Changes in the life events such as marriage may lead to the residents changing their basic demographic details. This can also lead to the change in the mobile number as well as the other details. The residents also want to change their relatives details due to certain events occurring like marriage, death events etc.
- Due to the change in the service platforms, one has to change the location. So the resident requests changes to “information sharing consent” and can the mobile number to CIDR etc.
- Errors made during the process of enrollment like for an example, the location of the resident must have updated incorrectly. Changes to the date of Birth and Gender fields are mainly due to the enrollment errors faced.
- A resident can enrol anywhere in India. If a genuine speaker of language “A” is enrolled by an operator “B”. Then the resident’s local language will be “B”. Later if the resident wants to change his/her local language of enrollment into another language of his/her choice then, for that case the Aadhaar needs to get an update. All the demographic information that is printed on Aadhaar will be changed to the desired local language.
- The UIDAI may determine the availability of POA and POI and other documents collected at the time of the enrollment or update. The resident must be notified to get their demographic information get updated and submit the required document.
Need For The Biometric Data Update
The Biometric updates are necessary for the following reasons
Age <5 at the initial stage of the enrollment- The child should be enrolled again when the child reaches the age of 5 including all the biometric information. This request will be treated as similar to the new enrollment session provided to the residents while retaining the new Aadhaar number.
Age between 5 and 15 years at the time of enrollment- The residents should provide new biometric data updates when he/she reaches the age of 15 years.
Age >15 years at the time of enrollment- It is required to update their biometric data after every 10 years.
- Events like diseases and accidents leading to biometric expansion.
- As the Aadhaar authentication becomes universal, the residents may also approach for biometric data updating because the authentication failures can lead to the incorrect biometric capture or poor quality image taken at the time of the enrollment. So with a newly developed technology, it may be possible to retrieve a good quality biometrics in CIDR.
- The UIDAI may verify the quality of the Biometric data captured at the time of enrollment and decides to set a threshold limit. If it is below the threshold limit then this thing will be notified to the UIDAI to update the Biometrics.
The Aadhaar details can be updated from two ways
- Demographic Information- Name, Address, Date of Birth, Gender, Mobile Number, Email address, Relationship status and Information sharing consent.
- Biometric Information- Iris Scan, Finger Prints, and Facial Photograph.
Different Modes of Update
The UIDAI provides different modes of updating either the Biometric data or the demographic data information. There are three different modes of Aadhaar Updates
The Online Portal
This is a self-service online portal(www.uidai.gov.in) mode that offers to update the demographic data of the residents. The resident can directly place a request for the update on the portal. The usage of this mode can be done in two ways:
Category A- residents with registered mobile
Category B– residents without the registered number during the time of enrollment.
- The name, address, gender, date of birth, mobile number and e-mail ID can be updated. The resident can update his/her mobile number using the Online Portal only if the Date of Birth is submitted along with the request.
- The valid Date of Birth documents includes- Birth Certificate, SSLC Certificate, Passport.
- The mobile number and the email updates will also be updated in the same manner as that of the enrollment done physically at the enrollment center.
- All such mobile numbers will be treated as “declared”.
- An OTP is sent to the registered mobile of the resident (Category A). Letter OTP will be sent to the Category B resident to get his /her mobile number updated. Once the mobile number gets updated in the database, the resident will receive the SSUP updates on the mobile number.
- UIDAI’s backend office may place a call on the Category A residents (registered mobile number) and Category B (given a mobile number).
- The resident will be asked about his/her details and will compare and tally the user’s data along with the CIDR Data and update the data request based on the information he/she produces.
For Updating the Address of all the Family Members
In such cases, the users declare a single request update in a single session in which the Aadhaar numbers of all the residents are mentioned. In such case, the resident should provide an attested copy of one of the Valid Proof of Relationship documents accepted by UIDAI which establish a relationship with other family members.
Via Post– The residents can update all their demographic data information except the mobile number, by sending a completed Aadhaar data update request form and supporting documents via post. The process will take place by the backend office and an updated receipt is then sent to the resident through “SMS” on the registered mobile number by UIDAI.
The Update request can be sent to the following address-
UIDAI Post Box No. 99, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad- 500034 India.
By Visiting The Aadhaar Enrollment Center
In this mode, the resident can update their demographic/biometric data update request with the help of an operator at the Permanent Enrollment Center. In this case, the document proofs are taken by the operator at the time of accepting the request. The documents are also verified by the verifier at the time of placing the Update Request.
Currently, the UIDAI has adopted these three modes of Update Techniques. The update policy will be reviewed from time to time to ensure that the policy remains updated in consistent with a better implementation experience and adoption of newest technology.